The Balearic Islands are the islands in the Mediterranean Sea, between Spain and Sardinia. There are 4 main islands that form an archipelago: Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza and Formentera. There are also other very small islands, such as the island of Cabrera, who has a natural park.
The provincial capital is Palma de Mallorca, easily accessible by ferry as well as the other islands.
Photo CC-BY-SA 3.0 by Оливера
All the islands enjoy a Mediterranean climate, with mild and temperate winter and hot and dry summer. The rains are not particularly abundant and are usually most intense in the fall.
In the warmer months, like July and August, it is very rare that it rains and if it happens does not last long. If the heat in these two months you obviously feel, never becomes unbearable, thanks to the breeze coming off.
The holidays in the Balearic Islands are possible in all seasons although it can be more pleasant from May to October. But we must not underestimate the fact that out of season there is usually crowded beaches and everything is for cheaper power.
To allow an informed choice on the basis of the climate of the different seasons and taking into account that there are slight differences in temperature and rainfall in the four islands, give directions to each one.
The island which lies further to the north is the island of Menorca. It is also the most flat and wilder; it is less known and crowded than the others. Having suffered in the past British rule, its countries are presented not only with the characteristics of Mediterranean white houses, but also with the houses in typical English style.
Menorca unfortunately is the rainiest of the four islands; but it must clarify that this does not happen in the summer, when the rain fails in one or maximum two days a month. The months with the highest concentration of rain are those of October and November.
In winter, in January, the average minimum temperature is 7 degrees, and the maximum average is 14 degrees. In May, the temperatures are pleasant enough, so as to enable not feel the cold to go to the beach and also to swim; in fact we have an average minimum of 15 degrees and the maximum average of 22 degrees. In August, the month hotter and consequently also the most crowded month and full of tourists, the average minimum temperatures are 22 degrees and those averages about 29 degrees maximum. In October, the temperatures are still pleasant, but as mentioned, there are the autumn rains. However the minimum temperatures are approximately 16 degrees and the maximum in the average of 23 degrees.
The water temperature passes from about 14 degrees in January to arrive at an average of 20 degrees in June and finally at about 25 degrees in the month of August.
Further south, we find the island of Mallorca. It is the largest and most populated of the Balearic Islands. The main city, Palma de Mallorca, is the capital of the autonomous province. Palma has always been loved by artists who have stayed there. They have left many traces of their passage: for example you can admire the architecture of Gaudi and the Miro Museum.
Still in summer the town is frequented by prominent figures, such as the royal family. The island presents a diversity of landscapes, from rocky coast to the white sand beaches, but also with mountain ranges such as the Sierra de Tramuntana which became a Unesco world heritage.
This geographical diversity means that the climate is different in different parts of the island. In fact in inland areas the winter is colder and has also been able to see the snow on the Sierra Tramuntana.
As for the coastal area instead, the winter is mild, with average minimum temperature of 8 degrees, and the average maximum of 15 degrees. In May, it rises to about 15 degrees to the minimum and at 22 degrees to the maximum.
In August, we arrive at the average minimum temperature of 22 degrees and maximum 29 degrees average. In October we still have pleasant temperatures ranging from 16 to 23 degrees, but the rains come we will be in November. The water temperature varies from 14 degrees in January to 25 degrees in August; in June and October is about 21 degrees.
Now we come to Ibiza, perhaps the most famous and transgressive of the Balearic Islands. This characteristic is due to the fact that Ibiza, already in the 60s, was proclaimed island of fun and transgression because it became at that time favourite goal of the hippie movement. Today it is still frequented by many young people, even though the families who love places full of entertainment will be happy to stay in a very beautiful island that still has a lot to offer, not just the clubs.
As for the climate, it is not much different from the other Balearic islands; the rains here are more abundant in autumn, namely in October. Morning temperatures in January are on average of 8 degrees and 15 degrees maximum. In June, they are already on average 18 degrees to the minimum and 26 degrees maximum. In August, it climbs up to 22 degrees minimum to 30 degrees maximum. In autumn temperatures are still pleasant, but the rains, especially in the month of October; it must be said, however, that are less intense than in the other islands.
The water temperature is about 14 degrees in January, 21 degrees in June and October, and 25 degrees in August.
Photo CC-BY-SA 3.0 by Forbfruit
The Formentera Island that is located further south. It is also the smallest of the four main islands. It is a very quiet island and is also very popular with Italians who have opened in many of the activities on site.
The island’s climate is temperate; the summer heat is absolutely bearable thanks to the sea breeze.
The temperatures in winter, in January and February, are minimum average of 7 degrees and maximum 15 degrees average. In May we already have the minimum of 14 degrees and the maximum of about 22 degrees.
In warmer months, ie in August, we arrive at 22 degrees to the minimum and to 29-30 degrees for maximum. In October, the minimum is about 15 degrees and the maximum of 23 degrees; it is also the month when the autumn rains begin.
But you can still take a bath, with water of about 20 degrees.