Chania or Hania or even Chania is located on the northwest coast of the island of Crete; we are in the south of Greece and the Peloponnese. Arriving at Chania from the sea, by ferry, you arrive at the port of Souda, 7 km to the east. It has a very impressive view of the city, with VENETIAN DISTRICT gathered around the Old Port, dominated by the lighthouse. The Venetian rule began in 1252 and lasted more than four centuries has left some very obvious signs throughout the island: the Venetians called the military architect Michele Sanmicheli who erected the walls of walls still partly visible with its ramparts; the best preserved section of wall is to the west and this area has been transformed into a green area. Two of the four bastions: the Bastion Saint Dimitrios, with a 1477 tower and the rampart Schiavo located towards the sea, and which has been converted into a hotel.
After the Venetians came the Turks, and so began a new rule that lasted until 1898.
Foto CC-BY-SA 3.0 Lapplaender
The city is a real treasure to discover, thanks to the atmosphere of the past that you breathe in the old city. The Venetian walls constitute a separation between modern and historical city center. The narrow streets of Topanas and EVRAIKI neighborhoods are bordered by small palaces decorated with coats of arms and the stone balconies. From here we come to the most important monuments: the Archaeological Museum which is located in the former Church of St. Francis; here we can admire ceramics, pottery from all Roman era Neolithic objects, statues like that of Aphrodite in marble sarcophagi and splendid paintings resurfaced in the Armenian cemetery.
The Nautical Museum which is located near a bastion, was set up in an old Venetian house and makes visitors retrace the maritime past of Crete.
Behind him, the Church of St. Saviour Monastery houses the “Vizandini kai Metavizandini Silogi” vast collection of Byzantine and post-Byzantine art.
Certainly worthy of note are the Mosque of the Janissaries, the “Džami tou Kioutsouk Hassan”, built in 1645. It has a cubic structure topped by a hemispherical dome supported by four arches.
The Greek Orthodox Cathedral of 1860 is located opposite the Roman Catholic Cathedral. In Toranas district, we have the ETZ Hayyim Synagogue, recently restored.
Very interesting the Venetian Arsenal and the open space that precedes it that makes you think of being in Venice, with the Church of St. Mark and the Venetian Loggia embellished all external marble and Latin inscriptions.
The Church of Agios Nikolaos is also particular, with a very eventful history: it was founded as a place of worship Dominican, and later became a mosque and finally, in 1918, an Orthodox temple.
To visit is also the Dimotiki Art Gallery, where you can admire an interesting collection of sculptures and paintings by contemporary artists.
In the streets that line the harbor and the walls are many bars and nightclubs and it is certainly pleasant to meet here to enjoy a drink while admiring the sea, or immerse yourself in the nightlife, discos where you can dance all night, do not forget to take a ride in places where you listen to Greek music. However in the old town and in the modern one there are plenty of nice places to relax, perhaps sampling the local specialties.
Photo CC-BY-SA 3.0 Leonardo G
Just 10km from Chania you can get to PLATANIAS, with discotheques.
Surroundings of Chania
It is also worth to discover the surroundings of Chania with natural environments of exceptional charm, wild mountains and beautiful beaches.
Akrotiri peninsula lies the Gouverneto Monastery, which was built in the sixteenth century near the cave where St. John had withdrawn Hermit and his confreres.
An example of a hike in the unspoilt nature: the Samaria Gorge, “Farangi Samariás” where he was a national park established in 1962. The trips may not last more than a day because it is absolutely forbidden to remain on site overnight. The Samaria Gorge you get to Agia Roumeli beach.
As for precisely the beaches, the GRAMVOUSSA peninsula is a must see: the rocky shores are accompanied by beautiful sandy beaches. A KASTELLI there is a long and beautiful sandy beach, but you can also visit the castle, all ‘inside, the theater and the temple.
On the tip of the Bay of Chania, after the Kolymari beach, there are small and pretty fishing villages.
The STAVROS beach attracts tourists not only for its beauty but also because here were filmed several scenes in the film Zorba the Greek.
During the summer season there are many events that attract both tourists and the inhabitants of Chania. In the months of June and July is the Festival Theatrou Skion (popular theater festival of shadows). From July to September there is the Cultural Summer of Chania with theater performances, concerts of classical music and light, art exhibitions and festivals.
At the end of the holiday, you will have only one thought: to go back to Chania as soon as possible!