Tag Archives: Sardinia

About Sardinia: amazing facts and history

What do we truly know of Sardinia? For example, do we know what are the Mamuthones? Or how is an ancient Sardinian marriage performed?

We can get on this beautiful island by ferry very easily and it is difficult to find elsewhere a place that offers both tradition and fun, beautiful beaches and wild nature and, yet, such a varied and succulent gastronomy.

But some of the many amazing historical and cultural features related to Sardinia are less known, so let’s unravel some curios and extraordinary facts regarding its traditions, its landscape and its culture.

– In Mamoiada, an area which is located in Barbagia about 60 km from Nuoro, there are the most incredible traces coming from the past and connecting to a very ancient local culture:  even if it is a small region, you will find here the MAMUTHONES, the Sardinian traditional costumes considered among the most beautiful on the island and in the world: the Mamuthones are indeed a peculiar kind of carnival masks boasting a prehistoric origin and holding a great ethnographic interest. They are related to the ancient pastoral traditions still alive in Sardinia. Together with the other Issohadores masks, the Mamuthones are an important part of the Carnival of Mamoiada, also known as “the dance of the Mamuthones”.

The name seems to come from the Greek word “maimon” which means crazy, good for nothing. The clothes are made of skin folds, the masks are created from dark wood and heavy bells are placed on the back. The Mamuthones parade will see coming together groups of 12 (one for each month of the year) accompanied by Issohadores masks that would be their guardians.

mamuthones-fotoballorePhoto CC-BY-SA R.Ballore

– Do you know that one of the largest underground lakes in all of Europe is located in Sardinia? The LAKE LAMARMORA is an underground lake (130 meters long), wide even more than 25 meters and with a maximum depth of 9 meters.

This lake is located in the Cave of Neptune, one of the most famous among the many sea caves located in Sardinia. The cave can be found at the foot of Capo Caccia (Alghero), not far from Sassari. To access the cave you have to get off the Escala del Cabirol, consisting of more than 600 steps, or going there directly on the sea by boat.

– The Sardinian local crafts is one of the richest and detailed in Italy and has ancient origins. An outstanding feature is the many GEOMETRIC SHAPE decorations in the artcraft; this particular figurative expression is found in the figures belonging to the temples located at the nuragic holy well, a typical Sardinian hypogean structure designed, during the Bronze Age, to the worship of the waters. It prevailed even during the Roman time.

The geometric sign is present in the carpet drawings, vases, wedding crates and woven baskets made by the Sardinian women. The human figures are stylized and we cab find the same combinations belonging to gold or silver jewelry designs.

Thanks to the influence of the Phoenicians, the bright colours have added a twist to tapestries, carpets and the women’s clothes; instead they derive the splendour of ornaments and the use of gold from the Byzantines ruling. The blooms that we find in embroideries and fabrics are due to the early Renaissance influence.

– The vegetation of Sardinia is Mediterranean but still shows the characteristics that distinguish the island from other Italians regions; forests cover a fairly large area and, among other plants, stands the cork oak, also called cork. This plant is of particular importance for Sardinia and occupies approximately 60,000 ha of the isle; this means that it is two-thirds of the entire national wood heritage.

Most of the cork forests is located in the Gallura and characterizes the landscape of the North-east side. The cork oak is a beautiful tree with great foliage and reddish bark and is invaluable for what it offers: the acorns for animals, firewood, and, of course, the cork used all over the world.

quercia_da_sughero_inclinataPhoto Public Domain

– Marriage is a moving and important ceremony for all the participants. In Sardinia there are still ancient customs that make the celebration of a Sardinian marriage a real exciting show. In the Sulcis region, exactly in Santadi, it takes place a Mauritanian-style MARRIAGE called  “Sa Coja Maureddina“. The name has origins in the presence, in the past, of Africans landed in this area. Despite the name, it is still a Christian wedding, celebrated according to the rites of the Catholic Church.

Starting from the respective homes of the couple, the groom and the bride are riding each a decorated cart, called “traccas“, along with relatives, all of course dressed up with traditional costumes. They will reach the main square where the ceremony will take place. When it ended, the newly weds will distribute the nuptial bread to all present. There will also be numerous folk groups performing for the wedding and coming from all over Sardinia.

Another ancient rite is the one which takes place in Selargius: THE Selargino OLD WEDDING called  “Sa Coja Antiga Cerexina“. It begins with the blessing of the couple in front of the door of their respective houses using wheat and salt, which have always been vital to the country’s inhabitants. Then the two processions make their way to the church where the celebration will take place in the Sardinian language; the bride and groom will be linked with “sa cadena”, the symbol of their unbreakable bond. Obviously in this case, all the participants will show off their most fantastic traditional clothing – and you can not miss the Sardinian folk music performed on the occasion!

What to see in Porto Torres

Porto Torres has an amazing greatly documented past to show off. Apparenlty founded by the Carthaginians,  there are no records of this civilization, though. Instead the Romans left many relevant and consistent traces of their stay. The ancient name of the village was Turris Libysonis and its port was especially important and very popular from a commercial point of view. Emperor Trajan had built many beautiful buildings here.

The SPA with the Palace of RE BARBARO is a very valuable testimony of the Roman past: the remains of a thermal complex are located here,  and various steps are still well visible, such as the oven and dip tanks; very beautiful to visit especially for the mosaics.

In the archaeological site  the ANTIQUARIUM Turritano was created which is in effect the Archaeological Museum of Porto Torres.

Noteworthy also the ROMAN BRIDGE with seven arches, on the Rio Mannu, which was part of the road network and that it was the longest bridge in the whole of Sardinia, built by the Romans (135 meters).

Even the most prestigious monument of Porto Torres, which is the Basilica of San Gavino, they were reused Roman materials, as columns and pillars. The Basilica has three naves and is built of limestone blocks that  took the beautiful nuances thanks to the time passing by. The original building dates back to the second half of the eleventh century; It was subsequently expanded in 1111 and in 1400. In the Basilica can be seen several sarcophagi such as the remarkable “Nine Muses” and, in the crypt, those containing the relics of Saints Gavino, Proto and Gianuario.

Going even further back into the past, you can visit just 6km far from Porto Torres towards Sassari the megalithic altar of Monte D’ACCODDI. It is a construction made of huge blocks of stone, well 70 m long and 10 m high. It is a sacrificial altar with two menhirs, a spherical stone and a table for sacrifices.

A very interesting collection of archaeological finds can be seen at CASA PAGLIETTI; this collection includes bronzes, ceramics and Roman statues.

THE BEACHES

Porto Torres boasts  wonderful beaches, which are offered to the tourist gaze in all their glory: a succession of rocks, cliffs and golden sandy coves overlooking the color-changing sea, between green and blue.
Almost all the beaches are located on the east side of Porto Torres, starting from the marina towards Piatamone. The beach of Scoglio Lungo owes its name to the long form of a rock surrounded by the sea. Here the water is not very deep, and therefore also suitable for families with children; the beach is easily recognizable for the statue of a dolphin which is on a rock.
The Balai Beach is small but very appreciated for its fine sand and the small church overlooking the beach:in fact  it is a shrine dedicated to San Gavino.
The Spiaggia delle Acque Dolci (the Sweet Waters Beach) owes its name to the springs in the sea.

Balai

Publico Domain

Instead, heading to the northwest, toward the Asinara Island, we find Cala d’Arena , a very beautiful beach indeed!.

You can not stay in Porto Torres without a ride to the NATURAL PARK DELL’ASINARA. In a not too distant past the island was used as a maximum security prison and, after the disposal of the prison, was established the Natural Park of Asinara. Here they live very quietly and undisturbed horses, wild boar and white donkeys that gave the island its name. From Porto Torres, takinge the direction of Stintino, you will reach a small town of fishermen and shepherds, now a resort and spa. You can still see, strolling along the small harbour, a few artisans engaged in the construction or repair of wooden boats. From Stintino continue to the TORRE DELLA PELOSA, with its beautiful beach, from there you can enjoy a fantastic view on the Isola Piana which lies between Capo Falcone and Asinara.

However, the Porto Torres area, as well as in general the whole of Sardinia, it is a true gift of nature: everything is absolutely beautiful: the sky, the sea, beaches, pine forests and Mediterranean plants that perfume the air.
The welcoming offered by the local crowd is fantastic; if you then are in Porto Torres during the patronal celebrations, you will have the chance to admire the very rich and beautiful traditional costumes, of course exclusively sewn and embroidered by hand. Besides, local crafts is particularly important and interesting, from modelling carpets to creating baskets. In small craft shops of Porto Torres you can also discover all these wonderful products.

So, beready to go to the discovery of Porto Torres!

The beaches of Arbatax

Arbatax is a seaside resort on the east coast of Sardinia. It is part of the municipality of Tortoli and is  far 101 km from Nuoro. It has its own marina and you can get there easily by ferry (further infos), leaving from various locations.

The name Arbatax means “14” and seems to be originated from the Arabs that would have given the village this name because it is the 14th watchtower from the South. It is a lovely holiday resort that was originally a small fishing village. The village has developed around the Tower of St. Michael, under  Capo Bellavista. On top of the Cape’s lighthouse with a roof terrace allows a broad view and you can see the whole coast up to, looking towards the North, the island of Ogliastra.

Arbatax1Photo CC-BY-SA 3.0 Hans Peter Schaefer
One of the features that distinguishes Arbatax is the color of red porphyry rocks that go down to the sea from which emerge the spectacular crags known as the “Red rocks of Arbatax“.

The beaches

The beaches of Arbatax are presented with the beautiful cliffs which form coves very characteristics, but also with beautiful stretches of sand. Wooded areas behind and pine forests provide shade and cool much appreciated after hours and hours on the beach, under the sun.
For camping enthusiasts here there is all that is needed to enjoy a pleasant stay. Indeed campsites are equipped and comfortable, well integrated in nature, usually shaded by pine trees. If you prefer hotel or resort, just choose from the various services present that meet diverse needs. There are also many opportunities for rental housing, both in simple rooms in large beautiful villas.

The beaches are numerous and, even here, of different types and therefore will please everyone: young people, families with children and even tourists to “4 feet”.
We start from Cala Moresca: heading south, past the promontory of Capo Bellavista, continuing in the pine forest, you get to a quiet cove of granite boulders, surrounded by rocks; looking towards North you can admire the splendid red porphyry rocks taking, especially with sunset lights, colors and wonderful hues.
Continuing south, after Punta Frailis, you get to Cala Frailis; it is a beach surrounded by hills, which show a  rich in vegetation; its shape is a horseshoe and the sand is white and thin; on the sides there are flat rocks and the seabed is shallow. It is a beach sheltered from the wind, thanks to the hills that protect it.

 

Porto_Frailis_TortolìPublic Domain

Continuing, we find a beach that will interest the many tourists who have dogs and want to take them with them to the beach.
This is the beach Zaccurru, better known as the Bau Beach Tortolì.
This beach has been wanted by the right of the municipality of Tortolì, to meet the needs of all animal lovers. So our 4-legged friends have free access to this beach and are allowed to swim! Obviously there are some very important rules to follow: the animals must be healthy and fleas and ticks free. The beach must be kept clean and for this purpose there are special containers.
Besides, these are rules that dog owners must comply at all times, not only on the beach.

Returning to the port of Arbatax and heading north, you come to Cartiera beach: more than a kilometer of white sand, with the pinewood; it is a not too crowded beach with the seabed of medium depth. From here you have a spectacular view on the islet of Ogliastra.
Higher still are S’Isula Manna (Grand Island) so named because it looks like an island between the Su Stoargiu and the Rio Girasole; to the north it forms a lagoon and nearby there is S’Isuledda or the islet, where it is not rare to see a colony of herons.

What to do
Being a tourist center and seaside resort, Arbatax  offer a wide range of water sports: from sailing lessons to scuba diving, canoeing, windsurfing, boat trips that offer the chance to have a view from the sea of ​​beautiful beaches and coves, spectacular rocks and even caves. There is also the possibility of renting boats and rafts, with or without skipper.
Those who want to know the hinterland can go hiking. There are hiking trails to follow with the guides. For families with children it is also recommended to visit the area traveling with the green train, towards Baunei or Mandas. The Arbatax station is located near the port and from there part of the tourist train, called “green train” that runs through many villages; locomotives of the train are very vintage.
You can also explore the area by hiring the Quad 4-wheel scooters. This will give you the chance to discover the fabulous scenery, from citrus to the expanses of almond trees, not to mention all the plants of the Mediterranean that very generously dispense their wonderful fragrances.
Those who want to enjoy classic sports such as tennis and football, will find suitable facilities, as well as the well equipped gym for fitness enthusiasts.
The holiday parks and campsites also often organize their exercise classes and aerobics on the beach and in the water.

History and culture

Having spent the day relaxing at the beach is also nice to visit the places of history and culture. You can visit for example, a little away from Arbatax, various archaeological sites such as the Archaeological Park of San Salvatore, the Necropolis of Monte Terli and the Roman village of S. Lussurioso.
Closer to Tortolì there is the open air Exhibition of Contemporary Art: the area is in fact defined as the country of sculpture.
Just 3km far from Arbatax you can visit the Church of Santa Maria Navarrese – X century.

In July there is the feast of Stella Maris in honor of Our Lady Star of the Sea, which is the patron saint of Arbatax. The festival lasts three days and is deeply felt, not only in the country but also in the surrounding area, as the feature alternates religious procession to those rather less spiritual such as the tasting of local products offered by the various stalls.

A curiosity that still regards Arbatax: here Lina Wertmuller “Travolti da un insolito destino nell’azzurro mare d’agosto” (Swept Away by a curious destiny in the blue sea of ​​August)” was shot. The images of the port does not correspond to the current reality, given the expansion work after the shooting of the film.

The Park of La Maddalena

flickr.com_2015-03-15_19-47-55Photo CC-BY by Bruno Cordioli

Without tourism, the island of Sardinia would probably ruined. Fortunately it helps the economic present of  a beautiful sea and indeed it is an opportunity to explore many beautiful and unique natural beauty as the National Park of La Maddalena, which opens like a fan in front of the coast of Palau, with its gentle coves protected from the dangers of the open sea.

The park consists of seven main islands (La Maddalena, Santo Stefano, Spargi and Caprera near the coast of Gallura, Budelli, Santa Maria and Razzoli overlooking Corsica) and fifty islets and rocks of granite.

The park protects about 180 km of coastline and a surface of about 18 000 hectares, with attention to the ecosystem of the natural granite and fragile beaches with precious colours (like the famous ‘pink beach’ in Budelli), the preservation of the marine- (especially the delicate Posidonia) and terrestrial habitat (here winters and nests a wide variety of birds).

From the port of Palau numerous daily ferries connect with the port of the main island, La Maddalena, where the Park Authority tries to reconcile with some effort the needs of tourism with those of the preservation, is a unique natural paradise.

For a one-day visit you can also reach Caprera, joined by an artificial way to the Maddalena and accessible by bus from the port of the main island.

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Photo CC-BY by Lino M

Less worldly of La Maddalena and strictly protected in its wild beauty, Caprera offers a variety of attractions and environments: pristine and protected coves, beaches windy for sailors and surfers, scrub areas impenetrable and an intense bouquet of myrtle, mastic and arbutus, populated by wild boar, trails of varying difficulty crossing mountain environments, with forms and aspects almost alpine, steep slopes on which many birds nest.

A dip in the clear waters of Cala Brigantina Coticcio and falls, accessed accompanied by park guides, and you enjoy the sight of vivid contrasts between the green-blue sea, the pink sand and granite, and the green stain junipers. The combination of nature and culture is summarized in Caprera in the Sea Museum and Traditions seamanship, made by the local branch of Italia Nostra, whose path is aimed at recovering the seafaring traditions of the archipelago.

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Photo CC-BY by Rovanto

Caprera is ultimately linked to the name of Giuseppe Garibaldi, who arrived in the island in 1855 making you build a house and other buildings that now constitute, together with the relics of the hero of the Risorgimento, the Compendium national partisan Caprera.

Sardinia has many ports along its coast, and most of them are also the point of arrival and departure for numerous ferries. Between the ports closer to the Maddalena Archipelago remember Olbia, Golfo Aranci and Santa Teresa.
For more information about Sardinia please read the other artcles on our blog and if you want to reach by ferry you can visit our website at http://www.ok-ferry.com/en/sardinia-ferries.aspx.

Exploring Sardinia

Discovering and loving all your moments in the beautiful island of Sardinia. The coastline is rich in coves and cliffs which stretches for hundreds of miles in an astonishing natural environment still untamed. Let’s go and find out all about these amazing areas full of pristine beaches and underwater coves and reefs.

Alghero and the Gulf of Asinara

To the north-oves of Sardinia, on the coast called Coral Riviera, Alghero is a delightful town which preserves the ancient architecture and the dialect of Catalan origins. Along the harbour, alleys and squares of the beautiful old town, a thriving nightlife bustles made ​​of outdoor cafes, restaurants and clubs of all kinds.

To the south of Alghero, a stretch of scenic coastal road, with beautiful vineyards and areas of protected species such as the rare griffon vulture, leads to Bosa, an ancient town situated on the River Tempo, with the large beach of Marina surmounted by the Aragonese Tower.

To the north, the coast forms the long and well-equipped Alghero Lido, then jags in countless bays and coves of fine white sand, among which the beaches of Punta Negra, Bombarde Lazaretto: it enters the Gulf of Porto Conte: you can relax on Mugoni, long beach bordered by pine forest before reaching the imposing promontory of Capo Caccia, which houses the spectacular Neptune’s Grotto.

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Photo CC BY-SA  by patano

Continuing on, you will find the beaches of Porto Ferro, protected by a frame of dunes that closes a cobalt blue sea, Porto Palmas and dell’Argentiera, with its old mining village. Further inland, you reach Lake Baratz, quiet charm nestled in a forest of pine trees.

North-western end of the peninsula, close to Capo Falcone, here are the small town of Stintino, in front of the Isola dell’Asinara.
Magnificent beaches in particular Coscia di Donna, Saline and La Pelosa characterized by white sand and the incredibly turquoise sea. On the coast road that goes from Porto Torres in Castelsardo are the long Platamona beach, bordered by a vast pine forest, and that of Lu Bagnu. Castelsardo is a lovely little town nestled into a headland in front of the endless sea, famous for its beautiful old town and the products of craftsmanship.

Leaving Castelsardo, in the stretch of coast that leads to Red Island, the mouth of the river Coghinas form beautiful beaches and long as San Pietro a Mare, near Bassenthwaite, and Li Lunchi, not far from the small town of Badesi, characterized by high dunes surrounded by pine forests.

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Photo CC BY-SA by Stahlkocher

The fishing village of Isola Rossa takes its name from the colour of granite islet located right across the country: the majestic Aragonese tower and the lovely marina are sites to see, as well as the beautiful beach of La Marinedda, a short distance from the town.

In addition Isola Rossa starts the Paradise Coast; the territory is mostly natural, characterized by a rich Mediterranean vegetation, pink granite rocks carved by the winds and spectacular cliffs that plunge into the bright sea. Here you will find countless coves but also small coves of outstanding beauty, some reachable only by boat, and the only sandy beach, one of Li Cossi.

In this area you can make several trips, here are some tips.

Alghero: the old town with Aragonese ramparts towers, the Cloister of St. Francis, and many craft shops; do not miss the Anghelu Ruju Necropolis, the Village of Palavera and the Grotto of Neptune, also by boat.

Bosa: the Romanesque church of San Pietro, Castello Malaspina, the resort is known for its ancient leather tanneries, the production of gold filigree, lace and filet of Malvasia wine.
The National Park of Asinara from Porto Torres and Stintino; the buildings that housed the super prison, a nice walk and a bath in the beautiful natural aquarium.

Stintino: founded as a fishing village, today developed tourist centre: Capo Falcone dell magnificent views of the Gulf and the Sea of ​​Sardinia.

Sassari: Piazza of Italy along the streets of Corso, Piazza Castello, Piazza Università or Via Roma; Sanna to visit the Archaeological Museum, the Cathedral and the Source of the Rosello. 20 km south of Sassari, the Basiliza of the Holy Trinity of Saccargia, the Romanesque-Pisan period and the important architectural complex of Nuraghe Santu doors.

Castelsardo: the  village, the Cathedral of S. Anthony Abbot and St. Mary’s Church; the remarkable craftsmanship of native plants, the “aspedelo” and the dwarf palm, tradition preserved in the Museum Paddaggiu Nuraghe and the Elephant Rock, in which to find a “Domus de Janas” Neolithic burial.

The North East coast
The north east coast is the area most known and celebrated in Sardinia for the extraordinary natural beauty and the irresistible lure of the Costa Smeralda, among the most exclusive and famous in the world. The discovery starts from Santa Teresa di Gallura, located on the extreme northern tip of the island, opposite to Corsica, one of the most sought after destinations.

The Tower of Longosardo, symbol of the town, overlooking the tourist harbour from where every day there are excursions to the archipelago of La Maddalena with its jewels in a sea of ​​dreams as S. Maria, Budelli, with the beaches called Rosa, Spargi with the untamed waters of Cala Corsara and the pristine French islands of Lavezzi, Cavallo and Piana.

A must-visit and a bath at Capo Testa, granite promontory connected by a narrow isthmus at the sides of which lie the beautiful bays of La Colba and Baia Santa Reparata. The beautiful sandy beach Rena Bianca overlooking the Strait of Bonifacio; other beautiful beaches such as Rena Maore, surrounded by pine trees, the Marmorata, Valle dell’Erica and Conca Verde, gems of supreme beauty lying in front of a sea of ​​incredible shades of blue.

A scenic coastal road linking the Gulf of Arzachena Palau where you can find Laconia, Cannigione and Baia Sardinia, cozy and bustling centers with numerous holiday accommodation and all the facilities for beach tourism and yachting.

The surroundings are filled with charming coves and beautiful beaches with crystal clear waters such as those dell’Isuledda, Tanca Manna, Battisti and Barca Bruciata. Granite rocks framed in green stain of the cyst, the juniper and dell’olive oil trees, white beaches kissed by a legendary sea make the scenery of the Costa Smeralda, frequented by the international jet set and a venue for important events.

The beach activities are guaranteed by the beautiful beaches that are found close to the famous Porto Cervo. Continuing south we reach the Gulf of Cugnanga, picturesque natural bay. Another famous resort of Porto Rotondo area is nestled in the charming natural bay in front of the slands Soffi e Mortorio.

A short distance to open the Gulf of Marinella, with the magnificent beach of the same name. Following the fishing village of Golfo Aranci in whose surroundings are beautiful beaches.

The Gulf of Orosei and the East Coast

Budoni left and keep going along the east coast, you come to the Costa degli Oleandri, which is also full of beautiful beaches, such as S’Ena Chitta, after Siniscola Berchida Bidderosa, wildlife oasis from the unpolluted sea, Cala Ginepro, Cala Liberotto e Fuil’e mare.

Immediately after Orosei here, the lovely town of medieval origins situated in a fertile plain formed by the mouth of the river Cedrino, which begin the long beaches of Marina and Sa Su Barone continuing with Avalé, Dare, and Cala Cartoe. From here it is a must visit in the heart of the island, dominated by rocky peaks and forests of Gennargentu which preserves the character and culture of Sardinian people.

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Photo CC BY-SA by Marek Slusarczyk

The most important is Nuoro blessed by the Redeemer statue located on Mount Ortobene, which offers a panorama of the whole barbagia. At the centre of the Gulf of Orosei, at the foot of the volcano Codula Manna and surrounded by wooded mountains, is Cala Gonone, which is accessed by Dogali through a tunnel dug into the rock. From the harbour of this pretty seaside town you can embark on a trip to the Grotta del Bue Marino or for an unforgettable swim in the incredibly turquoise waters of Cala Luna, Cala Sisine Biriola, Cara Mariolu and Goloritzè.

The road east of Sardinia proceeds with a path that goes up  through the  mountain to over 1000 meters above sea level on Orfosolo e Baunei, a paradise for lovers of trekking. The coast is a succession of breathtaking landscapes, forests and rocky cliffs overlooking the sea, to the beautiful beach of Santa Maria Navarrese and Lotzorai.

At the base of Capo Bellavista near the town of Tortoli is the tourist centre of Arbatax, famous for its red rocks. The coast continues with long beaches of different characteristics, each beautiful in its uniqueness.

How to reach all this beauty? By ferry and by booking on Ok Ferry’s website clicking on the following link: http://www.ok-ferry.com/en/sardinia-ferries.aspx

Holidays in Alghero

Alghero seaside

Photo CC BY by Roman Königshofer

Sardinia is one of the two major islands that are part of the Italian territory. In addition to being the second largest island of Mediterranean area, Sardinia is also a special statute region (in Italy are overall 5).

A pretty famous seaside tourist destination, Sardinia hides much more than white beaches and crystal clear sea. Shaped by a complex and articulated historical episodes, Sardinia is a land made ​​of ancient traditions, artistic and cultural events and outstanding people that are the result of the mixing of races, religions and peoples different from each other .
Alghero 1Photo CC BY by David Blaikie

One of the most characteristic and worthy of a visit is cultural Alghero, “Alguer or” as in the language of the place. Alghero is located in the north-west of Sardinia, overlooking the sea. The town has lived a long and troubled foreign domination: the Spanish Aragonese conquerors made ​​their stronghold in this city of Sardinia, importing here their culture, their traditions and, above all, their language, so that the signs are still all written in two languages ​​(namely, in Italian and Catalan). Although young people have gradually forgotten their ties with the Spanish culture, almost all the elders of Alghero speak fluent Catalan.
Do not miss Alghero during a tourist visit to Sardinia: this colorful and lively port is always crowded with fishing boats and  cheerful and sociable people. Another must-see is the “old town”, where the past of Aragonese domination unfolds in numerous forms. The “old town” is characterized by several examples of architecture style influenced by Catalan and Catalan-Gothic style, such as the Cathedral and the Church of Saint Francis (Chiesa di San Francesco).Alghero seaPhoto CC BY by  Lori Branham

At Capo Caccia is also possible to admire the famous “Grotta Verde “, part of the complex known as “Grotte di Nettuno”, composed by miles of stunning coastline.